What Is the Difference Between Hardscape and Softscape?

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January 14, 2021

What Is the Difference Between Hardscape and Softscape?

Crescent ACE NY

This article comes from The Spruce.

What Is the Difference Between Hardscape and Softscape?

Hardscape is the hard stuff in your yard: concrete, bricks, and stone. Softscape is the soft, growing stuff, like perennial flowers, shrubs, succulents, and trees. Softscape is living; hardscape is not.

Too much of one or the other in a front yard can compromise your home’s curb appeal and might bring down property values for the neighborhood. As for the backyard: an overabundance of hardscape does not create a relaxing, paradise-like atmosphere. On the other hand, too much softscape can get out of control and begs to be pruned and weeded. Try to strike a balance between the two.

Hardscape Elements

  • Once you know the distinction, the characteristics of hardscape make sense. Among them:
  • Hardscape can be thought of as “hard,” yet movable, parts of the landscape, like gravel, paving, and stones.
  • They are inanimate objects.
  • Hardscape is solid and unchanging.
  • Other examples of hardscape include retaining walls, pavers for paths or patios, outdoor kitchens, water features, gazebos, decks, and driveways.
  • It can be natural, like stone, or manmade, like an outdoor structure or a planter.
  • Hardscape materials have different effects on the environment. Pavement, which is hardscape, prevents water from soaking into the soil, thus increasing runoff, which can carry contaminants into streams. Porous materials allow water to soak into the soil.
  • A shrub is not hardscape.

Softscape Features

  • Plants are available in a variety of colors, shapes, textures, and sizes. When selecting softscape:
  • Consider these the “soft” horticultural (living, growing) components of the landscape. These might include flowers, trees, shrubs, ground covers, etc.
  • Change and evolve constantly, as they grow and adapt to climate and other conditions.
  • Are softer to the touch, quite literally. Think about touching the leaves of a tree or perennial, or blades of grass. They are soft, not hard.
  • A brick wall is not softscape.

Design Considerations for Small Spaces

With smart planning, even the smallest yard can be well designed and incorporate areas of hardscape and softscape. Don’t forget vertical space for growing shrubs and trees or hanging a planter on a wall or fence. Raised planters and pedestals (hardscape) with container gardens (softscape) draw the eye upward and economize on space. Pavers placed in a slight curve or around a corner give the illusion that there might be much more yard.

Make wise use out of hardscape features. A low retaining wall could double as extra seating in a small yard and hold a planter of herbs. Sturdy, low-growing ground covers that can tolerate foot traffic add softscape between pavers and retaining walls, creating a nice balance.

More Hardscape Used in Drought Tolerant Landscaping

Many regions affected by drought have restricted water use, forcing residents to rethink and actually change their landscape. Instead of letting that lawn continue to die and depress everyone who drives or walks past it, think about incorporating at least a couple forms of hardscape into your front and back yards. In front, you could replace the dead grass with decomposed granite (DG), pea gravel, pavers, or even concrete. Create beds of drought-tolerant plants or specimens with similar water needs. The bonus: you might gain extra livable space in your front or back yard.

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